Childhood hepatitis outbreaks

Childhood hepatitis outbreaks

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In the UK, US and Europe
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Acute hepatitis of unknown aetiology – the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

WHO monitoring cases of hepatitis in children across UK

Children up to 10 years

Hepatitis viruses (A, B, C, E, D), excluded

Six had liver transplants

Scotland, 10 cases of severe acute hepatitis in children

Scotland, 13 cases reported

Rest of the UK, 74 cases

England, 49

Wales and NI, 12

Ireland, 5

Spain, 3

(22-month-old to 13-year-old)



ECDC (European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control)

Jaundice, vomiting, stomach problems

muscle and joint pain
tired all the time
general sense of feeling unwell
loss of appetite
localised pain
dark urine
pale, grey-coloured poo


Cases, 9

Between 1 and 6 years old

2 liver transplants

No epidemiological links so far

Adenovirus 41

About half have tested positive

No viral genetics as yet

Known to cause hepatitis in immunocompromised

More cases expected to report

As of 11th April

No hepatitis deaths recorded

One epidemiologically linked case detected

(patient contact with a sufferer or point source of infection)

Dr Meera Chand, director of clinical and emerging infections, UK Health Security Agency

investigate a wide range of possible factors which may be causing children to be admitted to hospital with liver inflammation known as hepatitis

One of the possible causes that we are investigating is that this is linked to adenovirus infection

However, we are thoroughly investigating other potential causes

SARS-CoV-2 detected in several cases

Officials stressed

no link Covid-19 vaccine

none of the children affected by hepatitis had received a jab

Wating for

Infections, chemicals, toxins

Dr Chand

Normal hygiene measures such as good handwashing, including supervising children,

and respiratory hygiene, help to reduce the spread of many of the infections that we are investigating.

We are also calling on parents and guardians to be alert to the signs of hepatitis,

including jaundice, and to contact a healthcare professional if they are concerned