Burma | Wikipedia audio article

Burma | Wikipedia audio article

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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Myanmar


00:04:13 1 Etymology
00:07:49 1.1 English pronunciations of iMyanmar/i
00:08:06 2 History
00:08:15 2.1 Prehistory
00:09:57 2.2 Early city-states
00:11:13 2.3 Imperial Burma
00:14:22 2.4 Taungoo and colonialism
00:18:58 2.5 British Burma (1824–1948)
00:19:10 2.5.1 Burma in British India
00:21:03 2.5.2 Separation of British Burma from British India
00:24:00 2.6 Independence (1948–1962)
00:25:53 2.7 Military rule (1962–2011)
00:31:20 2.8 Civil wars
00:33:38 2.9 Democratic reforms
00:37:31 2.10 2015 general elections
00:38:32 3 Geography
00:41:02 3.1 Administrative divisions
00:41:50 3.2 Climate
00:42:47 3.3 Environment
00:44:07 3.3.1 Wildlife
00:46:06 4 Government and politics
00:47:18 4.1 Political culture
00:49:29 4.2 Foreign relations
00:53:33 4.3 Military
00:56:28 4.4 Human rights and internal conflicts
00:58:43 4.4.1 Child soldiers
01:00:14 4.4.2 Child/forced/slave labour, systematic sexual violence and human trafficking
01:00:48 4.4.3 Genocide allegations and crimes against Rohingya people
01:04:12 4.4.3.1 Rohingya left by boat
01:04:55 4.4.3.2 2012 Rakhine State riots
01:06:47 4.4.4 Freedom of speech
01:08:25 4.4.5 Praise for the 2011 government reforms
01:10:26 4.4.6 2013 onwards
01:11:57 4.5 Nuclear weapons programme
01:12:31 4.6 Combating Climate Change
01:14:08 5 Economy
01:15:51 5.1 Economic history
01:18:42 5.2 Agriculture
01:19:39 5.3 Drug production
01:20:15 5.4 Natural resources
01:21:54 5.5 Tourism
01:25:10 5.6 Economic sanctions
01:26:52 5.7 Government stakeholders in business
01:27:14 5.8 Economic liberalisation, post–2011
01:28:58 5.9 Units of measurement
01:29:54 6 Society
01:30:03 6.1 Demographics
01:32:16 6.2 Largest cities
01:32:25 6.3 Ethnic groups
01:35:50 6.4 Languages
01:37:45 6.5 Religion
01:40:37 6.6 Health
01:42:48 6.7 Education
01:44:53 6.8 Crime
01:46:21 7 Culture
01:48:44 7.1 Cuisine
01:49:57 7.2 Sport
01:50:37 7.3 Art
01:51:33 7.4 Media and communications
01:52:35 7.4.1 Internet
01:53:47 7.5 Film
01:56:09 8 See also



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SUMMARY
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Myanmar (English pronunciation below; Burmese: [mjəmà]), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast. To its south, about one third of Myanmar's total perimeter of 5,876 km (3,651 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1,930 km (1,200 mi) along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. The country's 2014 census counted the population to be 51 million people. As of 2017, the population is about 54 million. Myanmar is 676,578 square kilometres (261,228 square miles) in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw, and its largest city and former capital is Yangon (Rangoon). Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1997.
Early civilisations in Myanmar included the Tibeto-Burman-speaking Pyu city-states in Upper Burma and the Mon kingdoms in Lower Burma. In the 9th century, the Bamar people entered the upper Irrawaddy valley and, following the establishment of the Pagan Kingdom in the 1050s, the Burmese language, culture and Theravada Buddhism slowly became dominant in the country. The Pagan Kingdom fell due to the Mongol invasions and several warring states emerged. In the 16th century, reunified by the Taungoo dynasty, the country was for a brief period the largest empire in the history of Mainland Southeast Asia. The early 19th century Konbaung dynasty ruled over an area that included modern Myanmar and briefly controlled Manipur and Assam as well. The British took over the administration of Myanmar after three Anglo-Burmese Wars in the 19th century and the country became a British colony. Myanmar was granted ind ...