History of the Union Pacific Railroad

History of the Union Pacific Railroad

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The history of the Union Pacific Railroad stretches from 1862 to the present. For operations of the current railroad, see Union Pacific Railroad; for the holding company that owns the current railroad, see Union Pacific Corporation.

There have been four railroads called Union Pacific: Union Pacific Rail Road, Union Pacific Railway, Union Pacific Railroad , and Union Pacific Railroad . This article covers the Union Pacific Rail Road , Union Pacific Railway , and Union Pacific Railroad . For the history of the Union Pacific Railroad , see Union Pacific and Southern Pacific Transportation Company.
Beginnings: 19th century
The original company, Union Pacific Rail Road , was created and funded by the federal government by Pacific Railroad Acts of 1862 and 1864. The laws were passed as war measures to forge closer ties with California and Oregon, which otherwise took six months to reach. UPRR remained under partial federal control until the 1890s. Its management was noted for many feuds and high turnover. The UPRR main line started in Council Bluffs, Iowa and moved west to link up with the Central Pacific Railroad line, which was built eastward from Sacramento.